This module was prepared by Cadet Emma LaBossiere, and presented in class on 5/6/2020. The class Power Point is attached under Aims below.
To safely and honestly explore issues of race and cultural differences. To strengthen the capacity of new lieutenants to "preach the gospel of Jesus Christ and to meet human needs in His name without discrimination" especially when the people in their corps and community are very different from them.
Race: "Initially, race referred to biological differences believed to exist as distinctions between individuals or groups; however, racial groups can be understood as identity groupings as well as government-protected categories" (p. 739) "Nearly all social scientists now refer to race as a social construct" (Parillo, 2008, Encyclopedia of social problems, p. 739).
Ethnicity: "Ethnicity refers to the phenomena that create boundaries that separate a large group of people from other groups. The phenomena generating ethnicity are national or geographic origin, religion or other cultural factors, and race. National origin refers to the country or geographic region, for example, in Asia, Europe, or Latin America, where a person's family came from originally or at least at one point in the past. Cultural factors that create ethnicity including language, dress, family structure, values, and religion" (p. 335).
Stratification: “the unequal distribution of valued goods and services” (Healey, Stepnick & O’Brien, 2018, p. 13).
Max Weber (1864-1920) – “Weber thought that Marx’s view of inequality was too narrow. Marx saw social class as a matter of economic position or relationship to the means of production but Weber argued that inequality was more complex and included dimensions other than just the economic” (p. 14).
Refugees: not undocumented immigrants: any individual admitted as a refugee first undergoes a thorough vetting process conducted by various agencies of the US government overseas; then, if selected, they come to the United States at the invitation of the US State Department. They have legal status from the day they arrive in the United States; they can apply for their green cards one year after arrival and, in most cases, for naturalization four years after that. (Soerens & Yang, 2018, p. 38)
3 basic statuses that a foreigner residing in the US can have: legal nonimmigrant, Lawful Permanent Resident, or US citizen. Most foreigners who do not have one of these statuses are undocumented, meaning they have no legal status and could be legally deported solely on that basis.
3 basic statuses: (p. 69-72)
Healey, J. F., Stepnick, A., & O'Brien, E. (2019). Race, ethnicity, gender, & class: the sociology of group conflict and change. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Munn, J. (2019). Sexism.*
Parillo, V. N. (Ed.). (2008). Encyclopedia of social problems (Vol 1-2). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
Platt, M. (2017). Hallelujah in the hush harbor: examining the experiences of black Salvation Army officers in the United States.*
Soerens, M., & Yang, J. (2018). Welcoming the stranger: justice, compassion & truth in the immigration debate. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Books.
*Printed in the May 2020 issue of Word & Deed: A journal of Salvation Army Theology & Ministry.
Talk with your children. Recommended by Imagination Movers: "for our kids, talking with a parent or caregiver can mitigate anxiety and fear, especially given recent events. Know as a parent, it's okay to not have all the answers. However, silence is not a solution. Lissten. Be honest. Acknowledge the reality of racism with the hope of change.. #listen #change Here's a great resource from the American Academy of Pediatrics that may help."Talking to children about racial bias
Talking's too hard? Read together. Recommended by Imagination Movers: "It's easy to avoid discussing issues of race and racism with our children. These conversations are difficult and delicate and often times we are left yearning for the right words to say. Perhaps, reading a children's book can help?Our words and actions shape and influence our children and having authentic conversations are great first steps - and putting step after step we must. It's the only way to move forward after all." https://www.embracerace.org/resources/where-to-find-diverse-childrens-books
Reading, watching and listening for grownups:
"Only four in ten white practicing Christians believe our country has a race problem". This study, based on research by the Barna Group and available as a free digital download, asks, "Where do we go from here?"